Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with numerous linked varieties of garments originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn mainly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes. Additional usually, pajamas may possibly check with a number of garments, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from regular pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven]
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, and also the British influence on the wider Western globe through the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they before long fell outside of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a vogue in Britain as well as Western earth as sleeping apparel for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Gals of varied courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of zenske pidzame dishabille and of night apparel, which is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the habit similar to a fantastic a lot of Other individuals from your Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London shops. An acquaintance furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is due to White Ants."
Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend manufactured from soft material, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket element commonly includes a placket entrance and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (generally known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas designed before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-initially century they are relatively rare.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variations in type which include quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Generally worn by young children, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have occasionally incorporated the latter being a major. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of brief gown prime about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may these days consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.